In Mediterranean, weather in summer has become more unstable in last years due to climate change. Occasionally you may met with localized winds with force of 8 -9. Since they are localized, you may not find warnings of these strong winds in local weather forecasts.
Between Gibraltar – Oran; In the Strait of Gibraltar prevailing wind direction is E or W. This can be notified as far east as Melilla. Further to E, there is often little wind to sail. It is advised to plan your next stop for fuel.
Between Oran – Cap Bon; During summer, steady easterlies blow along the coast in a zone of 25 miles from the coast. These easterlies usually blow during day time 20 knots. They tend to die with sunset. If you are planning for westward trip, it is advise to sail at night. At night there can be stronger southerly sea breeze near the shore.
Between Cap Bon – Malta; The coastal wind regime changes at the Malta channel is entered and become predominantly NW.
The surface flow in to the Mediterranean is maximum in the Strait of Gibraltar, up to 2 knots E. This eastward current decreases, but continues along the N African coast. Through the Malta channel the current accelerates up to 1.5 knots SE.
Tides are not very considerable in Mediterranean, however should be reckoned with the Strait of Gibraltar. The range of tide in Strait of Gibraltar is about 0.9 m and almost disappears at E of Melilla.
For Algeria a visa may be needed for non-EU citizens. In Tunisia, visa may be obtained on arrival. No visas required for Morocco. For Spain non-EU visitors should ask for visa at their home countries. In all ports vessels will be visited by officials and asked for all relevant documents. For details of documents please ask information from relevant port authorities.